P

Policy

 

E

Economy

 

I

Science

   

T

Technology

 

V

Environ.

 

S

Society

 

C

Culture

 

M

Military

 

H

Health

 

L

Legal

 

D

Educat.

 

R

Religion

 

O

Other

 

The 1960s

 

I

1960: Almost all research is focused on the development of nuclear technology.

 

T

1960: With availability of gasoline and electricity in the 1960s, farmers begin to use tube wells for irrigation in Northern China.

 

V

1960: Increasing use of tube wells for irrigation in Northern China will lead to groundwater depletion in the 1990s.

 

T

1960, July: Khrushchev recalls Soviet advisors and technical experts in China. Open conflict between China and USSR.

 

E

1961 - 1965: Increase in production and import of agricultural inputs (fertilizers, machinery, pesticides)

 

E

1961 - 1965: Readjustment and recovery: "Agriculture First" policy. Food situation improves.

 

M

1962: Border conflict with India over areas in the Himalaya.

 

S

1962 - 1972: In the 1960s China's population growth peaks. Between 1962 and 1972 some 300 million babies are born.

 

S

1962 - 1972: High population growth (average of 26.7 million birth per year) in the late 1960 increases pressure on natural resources.

 

P

1964, January: China and France establish diplomatic relations. Taiwan's embassy in Paris is closed.

 

M

1964, October: Test of first nuclear bomb in China.

 

P

1965: Tibet becomes autonomous region.

 

P

1966: The "Little Red Book". Climax of Mao-cult.

 

L

1966 - 1976: During Cultural Revolution China's jurisdiction essentially ceases to operate.

 

S

1966 - 1968: Destruction of "The Four Olds": Old ideas, old culture, old customs, old habits.

 

D

1966 - 1976: 10 years of turmoil at schools and universities seriously harm China's intellectual elites.

 

P

1966 - 1976: Mao's political concept of a "permanent cultural revolution" paralyzes his political enemies.

 

E

1966 - 1976: Between "Cultural Revolution" and Mao's death stagnation in agriculture and industry.

 

R

1966 - 1976: During the Cultural Revolusion, religious practice is condemned as feudalistic.

 

P

1966 - 1976: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - a decade lost in anarchy and chaos.

 

M

1967, June: Test of first nuclear fusion device in China

 

T

1968: The Space Flight Medical Research Centre is founded in preparation for manned space flights (led by Tsien Hsueshen).

 

P

1969: Mao Zedong anoints Lin Biao as his heir apparent.

 

M

1969, March: Clash with Soviet troops at Damanskii Island (Zhen Bao) of the Ussuri river (Wusuli Jiang).

 

O

1969, October: First line of Beijing's subway is completed.

Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved.

china-profile.com - 30 Sept. 2012