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Timeline: Chronology of Social and Demographic Key Events

All Events

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Policy

Economy

Science

Technology

Environm.

Society

Culture

Military

Health

Legal

Education

Religion

Other

 

The 1950s

 

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1950-1955: Mao favors pro-natalistic population policy.

 

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1958-1961: Utopian ideas for transforming the family, marriage, and children's education ("new human being").

 

The 1960s

 

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1962-1972: In the 1960s China's population growth peaks. Between 1962 and 1972 some 300 million babies are born.

 

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1962-1972: High population growth (average of 26.7 million birth per year) in the late 1960 increases pressure on natural resources.

 

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1966-1968: Destruction of "The Four Olds": Old ideas, old culture, old customs, old habits.

 

The 1980s

 

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1982: China's population surpasses 1 billion people.

 

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1987: Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) comes to China. Introduction of Western-style fast-food to China. External Link Time Magazine.0

 

The 1990s

 

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1991: First McDonald's Restaurant opens in Beijing.

 

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1994: The Chinese government launches its ambitious "8-7 Plan" for eliminating extreme poverty by the year 2000. External Link

 

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1995: Between 1978 and 2004 China reduced the population in severe poverty from 250 to some 26 million. External Link National Bureau of Statistics, Communiqué on 2004 Rural Poverty Monitoring0

 

The 2000s

 

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2000: Intensified anti-corruption activities. Former deputy chairman of People's Congress is executed for taking bribes.

 

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2000-2003: China begins long-distance population resettlement for the Three Gorges Dam project.

 

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2001, Dec.: The Standing Committee of the 9th National People's Congress adopts "Population and Family Planning Law". External Link UN-ESCAP0

 

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2012, Jan.: China's urban population outnumbers its rural population. External Link National Bureau of Statistics of China

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china-profile.com - 18 April 2012