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Timeline: Chronology of Key Events in the Educational System

All Events

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Policy

Economy

Science

Technology

Environm.

Society

Culture

Military

Health

Legal

Education

Religion

Other

 

The 1950s

 

D

1950-1953: Socialization of the educational system. Introduction of Soviet-style curricula.

 

D

1957, March: Foundation of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Zhongguo nongye kexueyuan). External Link

 

D

1958: First introduction of the Pinyin phonetic spelling system for Romanization of Chinese words.

 

The 1960s

 

D

1966-1976: 10 years of turmoil at schools and universities seriously harm China's intellectual elites.

 

The 1970s

 

D

1977: After the end of the Cultural Revolution the national unified entrance examination for unitversities is re-introduced. External Link

 

D

1978: Pinyin system approved by State Council as the standard system of phonetic spelling of Chinese words.

 

D

1979, Jan.: Pinyin phonetic spelling system officially adopted by PRC government.

 

The 1980s

 

D

1985: Free higher education is abolished and replaced by academic scholarships based on academic ability. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

D

1986: Legislation concerning compulsory education (usually 6 years).

 

The 1990s

 

D

1995: Educational legislation stipulates a 9-year compulsory education. External Link

 

D

1999, Jan.: New university legislation becomes effective. Gives greater autonomy to universities.

 

The 2000s

 

D

2000: The Hanyu (Han language) Pinyin alphabet is written into law as unified standard for spelling and phonetic notation.

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china-profile.com - 18 April 2012