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Timeline: Chronology of Key Events: The 1970s

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1970s

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The 1970s

 

M

1970: In the mid-1970s China's relations with Vietnam begin to deteriorate. Violent incidents along the Sino-Vietnamese border.

 

T

1970: First satellite launch ("Long March").

 

V

1970-1980: Based on a 50-year forest inventory, researchers find that between 1970 and 1980 Chinese forest expanded significantly. Science, Vol. 292. no. 5525, pp. 2320 - 2322 (June 22, 2001)0

 

P

1970-1976: "Gang of Four" with Mao's wife is trying to get influence by spearheading the "Cultural Revolution".

 

P

1970-1976: Mao Zedong is increasingly disappearing from public life due to health problems.

 

T

1971, March: Successful launch of the SJ-1 statellite into orbit with two scientific payloads (detecting cosmic rays). External Link Globalsecurity.org0

 

P

1971, July: Henry Kissinger secretly visits China.

 

P

1971, Sept.: Lin Biao is killed in airplane crash while fleeing after an attempted military coup.

 

P

1971, Nov.: The People's Republic replaces the Republic of China (Taiwan) in UN Security Council. External Link

 

H

1972-1973: Group in State Council of China mobilizes resources for a nationwide birth control campaign, which has little impact.

 

P

1972, Feb.: Visit of US President Richard Nixon to China. Normalization between US and China begins. External Link

 

P

1973: The rivalry between the USSR and China now affects every aspect their foreign policy. US Central Intelligence Agency (1973): Possible Changes in the Sino-Soviet Relationship. National Intelligence Estimate.

 

C

1974: Discovery of "Terracotta Army" in tomb near Xian with thousands of statues.

 

M

1974, June: China has a force of about 130 nuclear delivery vehicles - half missles and half bombers. External Link US Central Intelligence Agency (1974): China's Strategic Attack Programs. National Intelligence Estimates, NIE 13-8-74

 

H

1975: Maximum recommended family size - in cities: two children, in rural areas: three to four children

 

P

1976, Jan.: Death of Premier Zhou Enlai.

 

V

1976, July: Massive earthquake (7.8 Richter scale) devastates the city of Tangshan (Hebei Province). At least 270,000 people die.

 

P

1976, Sept.: Chairman Mao Zedong dies at the age of 82. "Gang of Four" with Mao's widow tries to get into power. External Link BBC News.0

 

D

1977: After the end of the Cultural Revolution the national unified entrance examination for unitversities is re-introduced. External Link

 

E

1977: Hua Guofeng starts "Open Door" policy, which is later incorporated in Deng Xiaopings "Four Modernizations" program. External Link Landsberger's Chinese Propaganda Posters0

 

P

1977: Deng Xiaoping wins the power struggle after Mao's death.

 

R

1978: The 1978 Constitution of the People's Republic of China guarantees freedom of religion with a number of restrictions. External Link

 

D

1978: Pinyin system approved by State Council as the standard system of phonetic spelling of Chinese words.

 

E

1978-1990: Introduction of Pragmatism in China's political and economic system. Promotion of market elements.

 

E

1978-1979: Deng Xiaoping introduces stepwise economic reforms: "The Four Modernizations".

 

P

1978-1979: "Democracy Wall" in Beijing with pro-democratic posters.

 

H

1978, June: State Council establishes a new "Birth Planning Small Leading Group" to strengthen family planning. External Link Susan Greenghalgh, 20050

 

T

1978, Sept.: E-mail link is established between Germany and China (CSNET protocol). First message from China: Sept. 20.

 

L

1979: First modern environmental legislation in China.

 

P

1979: Diplomatic relations are established between the US and China.

 

E

1979: Introduction of the "Household Responsibility System" in agriculture greatly improves China's food security.

 

H

1979: Introduction of China's strict "One-Child" family planning program at provincial level, in 1980 at national level. External Link Susan Greenghalgh (2005)0

 

D

1979, Jan.: Pinyin phonetic spelling system officially adopted by PRC government.

 

P

1979, Jan.: U.S. President Jimmy Carter visits China.

 

M

1979, Feb.: China invades Vietnam (for 29 days) after Vietnamese troups had ousted the pro-Beijing Pol-Pot regime in Cambodia. External Link Globalsecurity.org0

 

L

1979, July: New Criminal Code becomes effective, legally banning torture and physical punishment of suspects.

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china-profile.com - 18 April 2012