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Ranking of Countries by Number of Scientific Papers 2000-2010. Also included: Citations, Citations per Paper, Papers per capita.
Rank Country Papers Citations Citations per paper   Country Population Papers per capita
1 USA 2,967,957 46,796,090 15.77   USA 310,384 9.56
2 Japan 770,252 7,877,699 10.23   Japan 126,536 6.09
3 Germany 762,599 9,960,100 13.06   Germany 82,302 9.27
4 China 719,971 4,227,779 5.87   China 1,341,335 0.54
5 England 679,394 9,979,737 14.69   United Kingdom 62,036 10.95
6 France 542,293 6,660,630 12.28   France 62,787 8.64
7 Canada 430,856 5,619,293 13.04   Canada 34,017 12.67
8 Italy 409,232 4,770,753 11.66   Italy 60,551 6.76
9 Spain 315,420 3,256,075 10.32   Spain 46,077 6.85
10 Australia 284,250 3,359,748 11.82   Australia 22,268 12.76
11 Russia 267,319 1,243,711 4.65   Russian Federation 142,958 1.87
12 India 266,230 1,497,065 5.62   India 1,224,614 0.22
13 Rep. of Korea 254,599 1,767,799 6.94   Republic of Korea 48,184 5.28
14 Netherlands 239,892 3,687,829 15.37   Netherlands 16,613 14.44
15 Brazil 190,801 1,197,953 6.28   Brazil 194,946 0.98
16 Sweden 174,052 2,548,046 14.64   Sweden 9,380 18.56
17 Switzerland 172,904 2,873,881 16.62   Switzerland 7,664 22.56
18 Taiwan 162,197 1,115,524 6.88   Taiwan 23,216 6.99
19 Poland 144,559 954,220 6.60   Poland 38,277 3.78
20 Turkey 138,345 687,389 4.97   Turkey 72,752 1.90
Source: Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters, 2000 to 31 August 2010. http://sciencewatch.com/dr/cou/2010/10decALL/
Note: The table is covering almost a 10-year period since 2000.

Researchers in the United States of America have published almost 3 million scientific papers between 2000 and August 2010. During the same period China published 719,971 papers. However, in citations per paper Switzerland is the clear leader.
It is interesting to compare the scientific productivity with the population of the respective country. The number of scientific papers per capita was, by far, the highest in Switzerland - 42 times as many as in China. The "density" of scientific publications is still far higher in Europe and Northern America than in Asia.

This ranking is based on papers published in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals from January 2000 through August 31, 2010, a 10-year plus 8-month period (fourth bimonthly). The listings are confined to those nations, out of a pool of 147, which published at least 10,000 papers across all fields during the period.

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This section was updated on 2 July 2011.

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Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved.

china-profile.com - 18 April 2012