Source: United States, Office of the
Secretary of Defense: Military Power of the People’s Republic of
China 2009, Annual Report to Congress, p. 6
Note: While not exhaustive, this map shows three of China’s major
ongoing territorial disputes - based on claims along its shared
border with India and Bhutan, the South China Sea, and with Japan in
the East China Sea.
In 1960, a short war over a contested
border with the former Soviet Union could have lead to a nuclear
conflict. There were also severe border disputes between China and
India in 1962 and China and Vietnam in 1979 that triggered military
conflicts. While China has settled
several territorial disputes with its neighbors since the late
1990s, several border disputes continue over exclusive economic zones (EEZs)
and ownership of potentially rich, off-shore oil and gas deposits in
the South China Sea.