R., Happy Life Years in 95 nations 1995-2005, World Database of
Happiness, Rank Report 2006-2b, Internet:
Average enjoyment of life assessed by
means of surveys in general public samples. Data taken from
Note that some of the scores are not beyond doubt, in particular not
the score in Columbia.
Life expectancy is estimated on the
basis of civil registrations of birth and death. Average over the
years 1995 to 2003. Source: Human Development Reports, table 1.
'Happy Life Years' is an estimate of
how long and happy the average citizen will live in that nation in
this era. Computation: 0-1 enjoyment of life multiplied by
expected length of life
Also referred to as: "Happy
Life-Expectancy" (HLE) or "Happiness Adjusted Life-Years" shortened
as "HALY's (Analogous to Disability Adjusted Life Years, or "DALY's).
This variable is described in more
detail in Veenhoven, R.
Happy Life Expectancy. A comprehensive
indicator of quality of life in nations, in: Social
Indicators Research, 1996, vol.39, pp. 1-58
Further argumentation of theoretical significance of this measure
can be found in Veenhoven, R.
The four qualities of life: Ordering concepts
and measures of the good life, in Journal of Happiness
Studies, 2000, vol. 1, pp. 1-39
This measure scored highest in a
scholarly review of indicators. See: Hagerty, M., et. al. ‘Quality
of Life indexes for national policy: Review and agenda for
research’, Social Indicators Research, 2001, vol. 55, pp. 1-96.
Dubious cases, see report 2006/1