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Life Expectancy at Birth in China, Europe, USA and India: 1950-2100 (Both Sexes)

Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2011): World Population Prospects, the 2010 Revision. New York. See:
Note: Europe (48) see Glossary

China's life expectancy at birth increased significantly in the late 1960s after the disaster of the "Great Leap Forward". Today, China's life expectancy for both sexes is remarkably close to the average life expectancy of Europe - just some 2 years lower. Europe's life expectancy for both sexes, however, is about 4 years lower than in the United States of America - due to the exceptionally low level of life expectancy in Eastern Europe.

Compared to China, India's life expectancy for both sexes has increased much slower. Today, it is more than 8 years below the level of China and almost 14 years below the level of the United States of America.

These numbers demonstrate the remarkable development success of China, whose government has focused on bringing basic health care to most (rural) regions and social groups. While India certainly has world-class hospitals and doctors, basic health care, hygiene, and health education has apparently not reached all sections of the population and all regions of the country.

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This section was updated on 2 July 2011

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Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. - 18 April 2012