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Under-Five Mortality in China, Europe, USA and India: 1950-2100 (Both Sexes)

Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2011): World Population Prospects, the 2010 Revision. New York. See:
Notes: Due to limitation of space country names were abbreviated. China stands for People's Republic of China, USA stands for United States of America. Europe (48) see Glossary

The under-five mortality is the probability of dying between birth and exact age 5. It is expressed as deaths per 1,000 births. The under-five mortality is widely seen as a relatively robust measure of a country's level of economic and social development. Low levels of under-five mortality typically indicate widespread immunization against infectious diseases, safe supply of clean drinking water, sufficient nutrition, widespread acceptance of basic hygienic standards and general availability of basic health services. These measures usually can lower under-five mortality to levels below 40 or 30 deaths under the age of five per 1000 births.

Based on the under-five mortality, China experienced a very rapid social and economic development in the late 1960s and early 1970s. By the 2010, China has reached a level of under-five mortality of a little over 20 deaths per 1000 births, which was almost four times lower than the level in India. India's under-five mortality was estimated to be around 70 deaths per 1000 births in the 2005 to 2010 period.

These numbers demonstrate the remarkable development success of China, whose government has focused on bringing basic health care to most (rural) regions and social groups. While India certainly has world-class hospitals and doctors, basic health care, hygiene, and health education has apparently not reached all sections of the population.

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These data were updated on 17 June 2011.

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Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. - 18 April 2012